Mon. Jun 17th, 2024
What are considered North America states?

What are considered North America states? North America is a vast and diverse continent, rich in cultural, geographical, and political diversity. The term “North America states” generally refers to the sovereign countries, territories, and regions that make up the continent. This article aims to explore the different entities that are considered part of North America, their unique characteristics, and their significance.

Geographical Scope of North America

North America is the third-largest continent by area, covering approximately 24.71 million square kilometers. It extends from the Arctic in the north to the tropics in the south and is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the west, and South America and the Caribbean Sea to the southeast. The continent is often divided into several regions: Northern America, Central America, and the Caribbean. Each of these regions comprises multiple countries and territories with distinct identities and histories.

Countries in North America

1. Canada Canada, the northernmost country in North America, is the second-largest country in the world by land area. It is known for its vast landscapes, multicultural cities, and a high standard of living. The country is divided into ten provinces and three territories, with Ottawa as its capital. Canada’s political system is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with a significant emphasis on bilingualism and multiculturalism.

2. United States of America (USA) The USA is one of the most influential and populous countries in the world. It consists of 50 states, a federal district (Washington, D.C.), and several territories. The country is known for its diverse culture, robust economy, and significant global political influence. Each state has considerable autonomy and unique cultural and economic characteristics. The USA operates as a federal republic with a presidential system.

3. Mexico Mexico is located south of the USA and is the third-largest country in North America by area. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, historical significance, and diverse landscapes. The country is a federal republic divided into 31 states and one capital city (Mexico City). Mexico has a mixed economy, with significant contributions from agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism.

Also Read: How Many States Are in the USA?

Central America

Central America is a region that connects North America with South America, comprising seven countries that lie on the Isthmus of Panama.

1. Guatemala Guatemala is known for its ancient Mayan ruins, diverse ecosystems, and vibrant culture. The country is a representative democracy with a presidential system. It has a mixed economy with agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism being significant sectors.

2. Belize Belize, the only English-speaking country in Central America, is renowned for its barrier reef and biodiversity. It is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, with a diverse cultural heritage influenced by its British colonial past.

3. Honduras Honduras features rich natural resources, including minerals, coffee, tropical fruit, and sugar cane. The country is a presidential republic, and its economy is primarily agricultural, though it also has growing manufacturing and service sectors.

4. El Salvador El Salvador is the smallest and most densely populated country in Central America. It has a mixed economy focused on agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The country operates as a presidential republic.

5. Nicaragua Nicaragua is known for its lakes, volcanoes, and beaches. It has a mixed economy with significant agricultural and tourism sectors. The country is a presidential republic.

6. Costa Rica Costa Rica is famous for its stable democracy, high standard of living, and extensive national parks. The country has a robust economy based on tourism, agriculture, and technology. It is a presidential republic.

7. Panama Panama is strategically important due to the Panama Canal, which connects the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The country has a service-based economy and is a presidential republic.

What are considered North America states?

The Caribbean

The Caribbean is a region of North America that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some of which are surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some of which border both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean), and the surrounding coasts.

1. Bahamas The Bahamas is an archipelago consisting of around 700 islands and cays. It is known for its tourism and offshore banking industries. The country is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy.

2. Cuba Cuba is the largest island in the Caribbean and is known for its rich cultural heritage and history. The country has a centrally planned economy and is a one-party socialist republic.

3. Jamaica Jamaica is renowned for its vibrant culture, music (especially reggae), and tourism. It operates as a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy.

4. Haiti Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. It is known for its unique culture and history as the first post-colonial independent black-led nation in the world. Haiti is a semi-presidential republic.

5. Dominican Republic The Dominican Republic, on the eastern part of Hispaniola, is known for its tourism, agriculture, and manufacturing sectors. It operates as a representative democracy.

6. Other Caribbean Nations Other notable Caribbean nations include Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Dominica. Each of these countries has unique cultural and economic characteristics and operates as a parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy, with the exception of Dominica, which is a republic.

Dependent Territories

In addition to sovereign countries, North America includes several dependent territories. These territories are not sovereign states but are governed by other countries, often with a significant degree of local autonomy.

1. Greenland (Denmark) Greenland is an autonomous territory within the Kingdom of Denmark. It is the world’s largest island and is known for its vast tundra and unique Inuit culture.

2. Bermuda (United Kingdom) Bermuda is a British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean known for its pink sand beaches and tourism industry.

3. Puerto Rico (USA) Puerto Rico is an unincorporated territory of the United States located in the northeastern Caribbean. It has a unique cultural blend and a significant degree of local self-government.

4. Other Territories Other territories include the Cayman Islands, British Virgin Islands, Anguilla, Montserrat, and the Turks and Caicos Islands, all of which are British Overseas Territories. The French overseas departments of Guadeloupe and Martinique, as well as the Dutch constituent countries of Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten, also fall under this category.


North America is a diverse continent comprising sovereign countries, dependent territories, and regions with rich cultural, economic, and political landscapes. From the Arctic expanses of Canada to the tropical islands of the Caribbean, each state and territory contributes to the continent’s unique identity. Understanding the variety of North American states is essential for appreciating the complex tapestry of cultures, histories, and geographies that define this part of the world.

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